Wednesday, May 18, 2016

Dick Booth: Boreas Ponds Should Be Wilderness

Boreas Ponds aerialDick Booth probably won’t be on the Adirondack Park Agency’s board when it decides how to classify the recently acquired Boreas Ponds Tract, but he is convinced that most of the 20,758 acres should be designated Wilderness, the strictest of the APA’s land-use categories.

“The great bulk of the lands, including the ponds, should be Wilderness,” Booth told Adirondack Almanack on Tuesday, a day after revealing he intends to retire from the APA.

Environmental groups concur that the three linked ponds — with their stupendous views of the High Peaks — should be classified Wilderness, but local towns are arguing for a less-restrictive Wild Forest classification for the ponds and nearby land.

The classification debate is likely to be contentious, and Booth fears that Governor Andrew Cuomo will impose a solution rather than let the APA reach its own conclusions — as the governor did, Booth says, in the classification of the Essex Chain Lakes Complex and the adoption of the complex’s management plan.

“I may be pleasantly surprised,” Booth said, “but I have seen no signals that it won’t happen again.”

Booth was the only APA commissioner to vote in March against amending the Adirondack Park State Land Master Plan to allow biking and maintenance vehicles on old logging roads in the Essex Chain Lakes Primitive Area. Normally, biking and motor vehicles are not allowed in Primitive Areas. At the APA meeting, Booth accused the Cuomo administration of directing a decision that weakens the master plan as well as protections for the Forest Preserve.

Dick Booth at APA meetingIn an interview with the Almanack on Monday, Booth said the APA set a bad precedent and asked rhetorically: “Why not put a snowmobile trail through a Wilderness Area? If you can get enough votes, why not do it?”

On Tuesday, APA spokesman Keith McKeever defended the agency’s decision and the process leading to it. “The APA conducted a rigorous public process for the SLMP amendments related to Essex Chain,” he said in an email. “The process included public listening sessions and hearings held throughout the Adirondack Park and State. Nearly 700 people attended these public sessions and the Agency received 832 comments.  Amendment alternatives and issues were thoroughly vetted over a more than two-year time period.  The recommendation forwarded to Governor Cuomo incorporated a commitment to expand recreational opportunities and public access in ways that will not adversely impact the preservation of state land.”

Cuomo traveled to Elk Lake last week to draw attention to the state’s purchase of Boreas Ponds from the Nature Conservancy. He urged the Adirondack Park Agency to move swiftly to classify the tract, but observers say the process likely will take several months. Booth said he probably will be gone from the board when the decision is made.

Booth’s term expires on June 30, but he said he will stay on for a while if a successor is not named by then. By the end of June, five of the eight citizen seats on the APA will have expired. In a letter to Cuomo last month, Adirondack Wild and four other environmental groups urged him to fill the vacancies with commissioners like Booth, with strong conservation credentials.

The groups suggested five names: Carol Ash, the former head of the state Office of Parks, Recreation, and Historic Preservation; Chad Dawson, a wilderness researcher and former professor at the State University College of Environmental Science and Forestry; Charles Canham, a forest ecologist at the Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies in Millbrook; Steve Allinger, a retired lobbyist with New York State United Teachers; and Philip Terrie, a retired professor and Adirondack historian.

David Gibson, a partner in Adirondack Wild, which is suing the state over the Essex Chain management plan, shares Booth’s fear that the Cuomo administration will try to impose a decision on Boreas Ponds. He noted that Cuomo has visited Boreas Ponds with the media in tow and came to the Adirondacks last week to discuss the purchase of the ponds. “The governor is heavily involved in just about everything, especially this,” Gibson said.

Without Booth on the APA, Gibson said, “these are particularly perilous times for state lands.”

Gibson contends that the classification and management plan for the Essex Chain Lakes Complex were designed to maximize recreation rather than protect natural resources. “Recreation is important, but not paramount,” he said.

The Essex Chain Lakes Complex is a mix of Primitive and Wild Forest lands, with a snowmobile trail running between the Primitive Area and the Hudson Gorge Wilderness. In addition, floatplanes, mountain bikes, and maintenance vehicles are allowed in places in the Primitive Area.

“If we have a Forest Preserve worthy of the name, then we have to honor basic wilderness principles,” Gibson said. “You don’t fragment the wild-land resource; you treat it as a whole.”

Gibson argues that the Boreas Ponds plan offered by five local towns would likewise fragment the landscape.

Under the towns’ plan, the Boreas Ponds Tract would be divided into 10,621 acres of Wilderness and 9,913 acres of Wild Forest. From the environmentalists’ perspective, the biggest objection is that the ponds themselves — considered the jewel of the tract — would be Wild Forest.

Among other things, the Wild Forest designation would enable visitors to ride mountain bikes on old logging roads circling the ponds. Also, the towns are proposing that guides and their clients; the disabled; and visitors with permits be allowed to drive all the way to the ponds.

Ron Moore, the supervisor of North Hudson, where the Boreas Ponds are located, said the goal is to boost tourism by providing relatively easy access and by offering a variety of recreation. The plan, he said, “provides better access for everybody — the young and the old, the physically fit and the handicapped. Everyone has a chance.”

Though Moore said the towns are not seeking permission to use gas-powered motorboats on the ponds, he is open to the idea of electric motorboats.

Willie Janeway, executive director of the Adirondack Council, counters that motorboats could be allowed down the road under a Wild Forest designation. “If it isn’t Wilderness, all bets are off for what may be permitted in the future,” he said.

Aerial photo by Carl Heilman II: Boreas Ponds.

Lower photo by Mike Lynch: Dick Booth at APA meeting.

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Phil Brown is the former Editor of Adirondack Explorer, the regional bimonthly with a focus on outdoor recreation and environmental issues, the same topics he writes about here at Adirondack Almanack. Phil is also an energetic outdoorsman whose job and personal interests often find him hiking, canoeing, rock climbing, trail running, and backcountry skiing. He is the author of Adirondack Paddling: 60 Great Flatwater Adventures, which he co-published with the Adirondack Mountain Club, and the editor of Bob Marshall in the Adirondacks, an anthology of Marshall’s writings.Visit Lost Pond Press for more information.

18 Responses

  1. Paul says:

    He talks about letting the agency reach a conclusion (I assume he means after they look at all the pertinent facts) but it sounds like if he has already decided what it should be classified w/o looking at anything?

    • scottvanlaer says:

      He has looked at a lot already….

      • Paul says:

        He has not looked at an of the information compiled by the DEC or the APA staff since they haven’t even compiled it yet. For him it sounds like – fait de complet. Wilderness – no other options to consider. I personally don’t think you want board members that have such rigid positions either way.

        • Boreas says:


          Are you assuming the APA/DEC information would be bias-free? I no longer feel that is a given.

  2. Peter D says:

    “…probably won’t be on the Adirondack Park Agency’s board when it decides how to classify the recently acquired Boreas Ponds Tract…”

    As if anything that comes before APA review hasn’t already been decided in Albany already.

  3. Will Doolittle says:

    Boy that “Chain Lakes” thing grates on the ear. I’m going to carry lots snacks with me and wear my best pair wool socks when I hike into Essex Chain Lakes. I’ll browse the banks Adirondack streams and later visit village Lake Placid. I hear the shops Main Street are nice.

    • Cranberry Bill says:

      Where do you buy good wool socks now? Or a wool shirt, for that matter?

      • Boreas says:

        New Zealand.

        • Cranberry Bill says:

          Thank you, I will try to get them online.

        • Cranberry Bill says:

          I have wool socks I bought in Sparks, Nevada, before spending a night on Mt Rose. Marmots ate on one of my socks not more than two feet from my face. I only have four left, and they are not for show.

  4. Peter says:

    The town supervisors would serve their towns way better by supporting wilderness and then using the resulting boost in political capital to garner support for infrastructure and commercialdevelopment in their towns. The governor would leap at that opportunity. The environmental groups would unilaterally back the idea, and the people the supervisors represent would actually benefit.

  5. Justin Farrell says:

    A bit off topic here but perhaps worth mentioning… That aerial photo of the Boreas Ponds taken by Mr. Heilman II is absolutely spectacular! However, don’t be fooled by that long hardwood peninsula on the right side of the photo…it’s pretty thick along that ridge & shoreline, with very little existing camping opportunities. So as someone who has explored at least some of this area, I would agree with Mr. Booth that a Wilderness designation would be the most appropriate way to preserve the existing “wild” character & habitat.

  6. Todd Eastman says:

    The Gov is trying his best to boost his blue-collar creds…

    … at the expense of over a century’s worth of policy and planning.

  7. Harold says:

    So the forests along the shore are a big thick so camping may not be possible, the road will be closed so it looks like we have a choice of portaging a 14 mile day trip to kayak a 2 mile stretch of water to catch a view of the high peaks that most of us on this blog have seen dozens of times or we can choose to have a guide bring us down to the lake. This doesn’t sound like “wilderness” to me. Just like the Essex Lakes we’ll wait for the furor to die down then visit the much ballyhooed spot and once again be a bit underwhelmed after all of the controversy.

  8. Mike B says:

    I was talking to a fellow about this the other day and he threatened to punch me in the face. We were having a nice talk, bouncing around different ideas and opinions….What the…..???

  9. Charlie S says:

    “he threatened to punch me in the face.”

    I’d wager a weeks pay he’s voting for Trump.

    • Justin Farrell says:

      Ha…That comment may be a bit unfair to say…I know plenty of people who plan to vote for Trump that I’d love to punch in the face!

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