Monday, June 13, 2016

Bill To Reform How APA Handles Major Subdivisions Introduced

Woodworth-Lake-2New home construction in large subdivisions in the Adirondack Park would be friendlier to wildlife, forests and water quality under legislation introduced by Assembly Conservation Committee Chairman Steve Englebright.

Four Adirondack conservation groups are praising the introduction of a bill that would amend the Adirondack Park Agency (APA) Act to require conservation-oriented design for large subdivisions in the Adirondack Park. The Adirondack Mountain Club, Adirondack Council, Adirondack Wild: Friends of the Forest Preserve and Protect the Adirondacks support the legislation, calling it the most important set of reforms to the APA Act since it’s enactment in 1971.

Conservation subdivision design seeks to prevent rural sprawl from large-lot subdivisions that fragment forest lands through road construction, house construction and utility corridors. Conservation-design subdivision seeks to protect ecosystem functions, wildlife corridors, and forest systems, while minimizing human-wildlife conflicts.

This legislation would require that all projects of five lots or more on lands classified as Resource Management (areas zoned for a maximum of 15 principal buildings per square mile), 10 lots or more in areas zoned Rural Use (areas zoned for a maximum of 75 principal buildings per square mile), and 25 or more lots in areas zoned Low Intensity (areas zoned for a maximum of 200 principal buildings per square mile) will require conservation design standards.

The first step in this new process is an ecological assessment of the proposed subdivision lands. The second step is the preparation of an “ecological preservation and forest stewardship plan” prepared by a qualified expert. Once the assessment and the preservation plan are completed, the subdivision will be planned to cluster roads and building locations in areas with the least ecological impacts and in a way that protects forest lands.

This legislation does not change zoning densities under the APA Act, but requires that 75% of lands in subdivisions that require conservation design must be sustained as open space forest lands.

Conservation-design subdivision planning has long been recognized across the U.S. as the gold standard for rural subdivision and land use planning. Conservation subdivision design yields more than ecological benefits, advocates say, including requiring less infrastructure construction and maintenance.


Illustrations: Above, The final design for the 1,100 acre subdivision around Hines Pond and Woodworth Lake; and below, Side-by-side comparison of original subdivision plan in the Town of Horicon (left) and the Conservation Subdivision Design approved by the APA (right), illustrations provided by Protect the Adirondacks.

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9 Responses

  1. Paul says:

    “The first step in this new process is an ecological assessment of the proposed subdivision lands. The second step is the preparation of an “ecological preservation and forest stewardship plan” prepared by a qualified expert.”

    Sounds pretty good, it also sounds pretty expensive.

    • Boreas says:

      They can get all the studies that are required and still ignore them. It would be interesting if they re-evaluated the ACR in TL by these guidelines.

      • Paul says:

        The problem is that people don’t necessarily want to be clustered together like they are in the one on the right. No reason to buy a place in the country if you can only develop it like you are in the city. In that plan the structures are bunched away from the waterfront and on tiny lots next to the road that probably nobody would really want to buy. Are we sure this isn’t just a plan to restrict development? Maybe that is why these groups are so supportive.

        Boreas, I think that most of ACR would have been stopped if this was required. That sort of proves the point.

        • Davis says:

          “Tiny lot” Paul? I guess that would be in the eye of the beholder. Have you been to the Burlington Vermont area lately and seen how many units can be squeezed on a acre? I don’t think we need to worry about city type development, but we should concern ourselves with the cost to communities of spread out development and the cost to the Park of not minimizing environmental impact. I do see a big problem with the proposal however. It’s coming about 20 years too late in many circumstances.

  2. Bill says:

    It’s frustrating that most images in the Almanack’s stories now no longer link to a larger copy of the image. I can’t really see what’s going on in the first image at the top of the page because it’s too small.

    • John Warren says:

      Hi Bill,

      Just right-click on the image and select “view image”.

      John Warren

      • Bill says:

        Thanks for the response, John. However when I do that it opens the image in a new tab but it’s the same size (using Firefox and Chrome).

        • Boreas says:

          Same here. The top image gets slightly larger, but still low resolution.

          • adkDreamer says:

            Donate to Adirondack Almanack and they just might provide links to full size images 😉

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