Wednesday, October 11, 2017

State of the Park Report: Adirondack Park Success ‘Threatened’

state of the parkThe Adirondack Park’s success is “threatened.”

The Adirondack Council’s annual State of the Park report has a gloomy and foreboding cover featuring storm clouds gathering above a mountain summit.

That’s because the Adirondack Park is a national treasure whose future success is clouded by an approaching storm of threats.

Decades of success in the Adirondacks are threatened by acid rain and smog from the Midwest impacting the forests, waters and communities of the park, due to lax Trump administration enforcement of clean air rules.

Newly protected public lands could be compromised if proposed intensive use and motorized recreation proposals are approved. A proposed rail road junkyard could damage local water quality, as well as the park’s wild character. Successful policy prioritizing natural resource protection is now being tested.

Meanwhile, once-in-a-lifetime opportunities to expand the High Peaks Wilderness to include the strongest protections for Boreas Ponds remain unrealized.

In addition, powerful forces are aligning themselves to promote a constitutional convention that threatens the greatest and most effective forest conservation law in the world – the ‘forever wild’ clause of the NYS Constitution (Article XIV, Section 1).

All of these threats come at a time when we should be celebrating the Adirondack Park’s 125th birthday, and recent positive Cuomo administration actions, not lamenting the escalating threats to precious natural resources and wild character.

Despite these threats, it is also a time to celebrate how far the park had progressed since it was first created and count some recent successes as well.

We look back and applaud Governor Andrew Cuomo and the State for leadership, record funding ($2.5 billion) for clean water infrastructure, a commitment to the Paris Climate Agreement, combating invasive species, authorizing a $300 million Environmental Protection Fund for the second consecutive year and record investment in communities.

There is much that Adirondack advocates have applauded as officials celebrated the 125th anniversary of the creation of the Adirondack Park in 1892. The park contains millions of acres of restored forests and waters, whose purity and wildlife are protected by the strongest conservation law in the world. Iconic Adirondack loons, once rare, are common again. Heritage trout, moose and bald eagle populations are rebounding. The Park economy is stronger than in years.

The Adirondack Council is an independent, non-partisan, not-for- profit organization dedicated to ensuring the ecological integrity and wild character of New York’s 9,300-square-mile Adirondack Park – the largest park in the contiguous United States.

The Council doesn’t accept government grants or taxpayer-supported donations of any kind. It has been publishing its State of the Park Report since 1986.

State of the Park 2017-18 is a 24-page, illustrated report that analyzes more than 100 actions and decisions by local, state and federal officials over the past year. Each is rated “thumbs up” or “thumbs down,” along with an explanation of how each helped or harmed the Adirondack Park. It is available free online at

For the first time, the Council also published an online addendum to State of the Park, reviewing dozens of important issues that didn’t fit into the 24 pages of the printed report.

Sections of the report containing addition information are marked with instructions on how to access the addendum online.

On major, park-wide issues, State of the Park 2017-18 contains three “thumbs up” and four “thumbs down” ratings. Leading the thumbs up on the more positive side, state government went out of its way to Help Communities with grants and loans for a variety of purposes; Combat Water Pollution with grants and loans for new infrastructure; and, Fund Conservation. Earning “thumbs down” were the priorities of Expand Wilderness; Protect Forests and Wildlife; Address Threats from Off-Road Vehicles and Strengthen Agencies.

Gov. Andrew Cuomo won praise for providing money for clean water grants to park communities and for his work on climate change. He received thumbs down for his reluctance to rebuild state agencies that lost key personnel in the great recession, and for not giving the Park Agency adequate staffing or the leeway it needs to make independent fact based decisions.

The Legislature won praise for approving a Constitutional Amendment that would create a small land bank for municipal health and safety projects on local roads that cross the Forest Preserve. It will be Proposal 3 on ballots statewide on Election Day (Nov. 7).

Attorney General Eric Schneiderman was the only state official to earn only thumbs up ratings in the report. The Attorney General won unanimous thumbs-up for his work challenging proposed roll-backs of federal rules cubing carbon emissions, acid rain and smog proposed by the Trump administration.

The Department of Transportation earned a “thumbs down” for discarding without notice 50 years of limited highway sign clutter on the Adirondack Northway by erecting business signs including signs advertising Geico Insurance.

Local Governments in the park’s 12 counties, 92 towns and 9 villages won praise for protecting water quality through new wastewater treatment facilities, plus programs to limit road salt contamination and invasive species infestations. A few local government officials received a “thumbs down” for being part of an effort advocating that motorized and/or mechanized access be allowed at Boreas Ponds. The 20,500-acre tract includes the largest and most sensitive potential new wilderness acreage to enter state ownership in more than a generation.

The Dept. of Environmental Conservation won praise for completing the Raquette Lake land swap authorized by a 2013 Constitutional amendment; and, for an interim recreation plan for Boreas Ponds that protects the interior of the property from public motorized uses. DEC earned a “thumbs down” for proposing management plans for public lands that emphasize intensive and mechanized recreation over the protection of public resources.

The Adirondack Park Agency earned a “thumbs down” for creating “the greatest public uproar in its history” when it failed to propose a wilderness classification (no mechanized travel) alternative for the Boreas Ponds and a buffer zone to the south. APA board member Chad Dawson of Syracuse won a “thumbs up” for pressing the DEC to stop proposing intensified recreational uses of the Forest Preserve without counting the ecological costs.

Some of the strongest criticism in the report was reserved for the Federal Government, where the Trump Administration put the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in the hands of fossil fuel advocates from Oklahoma; attempted to delay rules to curb mercury and other toxic emissions; cut the research budget for acid rain monitoring; and, said he would repeal the nation’s new greenhouse gas reduction program (Clean Power Plan) and back out of the Paris climate agreement. U.S. Reps. Elise Stefanik, R-Willsboro, and John Faso, R-Kinderhook, received a joint thumbs-up for bucking their party and voting against the GOP-backed Ozone Standards Implementation Act. The bill would delay approval of rules designed to save thousands of lives each year. U.S. Rep. Paul Tonko, D-Amsterdam, received a “thumbs up” for securing federal grants that will help park communities to rebuild aging water and sewer facilities.

The annual report on the state of the Adirondack Park not only celebrates past success and assesses threats, it makes suggestions for navigating forward. The report concludes with seven 2018 priorities. These are opportunities to address threats and protect the legacy of the Adirondacks for all.

In its Tip of the Hat section, the Council praised the work of other not-for-profit organizations for their efforts on behalf of the park, including Paul Smith’s College and its Adirondack Watershed Institute for coordinating invasive species controls in lakes across the park. More than 30 additional organizations and companies also won praise.

Founded in 1975, the Adirondack Council is a privately funded not-for-profit organization whose members live in all 50 United States. The Council envisions a Park with clean water and clean air, comprised of core wilderness areas, surrounded by farms and working forests, and vibrant, rural communities. The Council carries out its mission through research, education, advocacy and legal action. Adirondack Council members live in all 50 United States.

Photo: 2017/2018 State of the Park Report.

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Willie Janeway is the Executive Director of the Adirondack Council, a privately funded, not-for-profit organization dedicated to ensuring the ecological integrity and wild character of the Adirondack Park.

The Council envisions a park composed of large wilderness areas, surrounded by working farms and forests and vibrant, local communities.

The Council carries out its mission through research, education, advocacy and legal action. Council members and supporters live in all 50 United States.

8 Responses

  1. Chris says:

    Thank you for all your efforts on this!

  2. Bill Ott says:

    I also thank you for this brochure. It ties all the discussions I have been reading here into a neat little package, practically with a bow on it.

  3. Paul says:

    Seems like there was greater public uproar at the APA not long after it was formed. Remember those protests and all the other anti-APA stuff around? Remember that truck? What seems new now is there is many people on both sides of the environmental movement that are displeased with the agency. Maybe the first real consensus on the issue we have seen in the park?

  4. Chuck Parker says:

    I guess it is journalism and not reporting that allows for a one sided approach as found in this article.

    May I use some of words as stated in the above article with some word changes which supports another point of view on some of the topics mentioned

    The Adirondack Park’s success is “threatened” by the loss of the opportunity for real and sound access for all. (The APA by its own statute can support Wilderness and Wild Forest)

    “Meanwhile, once-in-a-lifetime opportunities to expand the High Peaks Wilderness”. (referring to Boreas Ponds.) Shouldn’t it be stated that the possible land in questions also includes Wild Forest classifications. Your point of view would include the strongest restrictions to the public for Boreas Ponds lands.

    “In addition, powerful forces are aligning themselves to promote a constitutional convention that threatens the greatest and most effective forest conservation law in the world – the ‘forever wild’ clause of the NYS Constitution (Article XIV, Section 1).
    This is another Adirondack Council embellishment. Most groups that I have talked to have stated something to the affect “Naively, We the People drastically need the Convention. Realistically, if there is a NYS Constitutional Convention, We the People, might just as well remove the door and help the fox into the hen house” The fear of possible change on either side of the fence, make a yes vote on a Constitutional Convention unlikely. We the people are being silenced by fear.

    I fear what my great grand children will see as the Adirondacks Wilderness based on how it is being managed today. A valid concerned but as with this article not very well defended at this time.

    • Boreas says:

      “The Adirondack Park’s success is “threatened” by the loss of the opportunity for real and sound access for all.”


      That is certainly another point of view, as you mention. Please define “real and sound access for all” for us. If the Park indeed has your vision of “real and sound access for all” how would it look with that access? With, as John Warren frequently states, most lands within the park already being within ~3 miles of a road, how would you increase ADA-type access while staying within the parameters of the SLMP with regard to the various land classifications? At what point, do you feel, would increased access detract from the wild character of the Park? Do you feel National Parks are a better or worse example of access for all?

      • Aaron says:

        Is there evidence that the Wild Forest classification detracts from the “wild character” of the Park?

        • Paul says:

          Not IMHO. The Wild Forest classification is one that seems very suitable for a “park” that is a unique experiment where people and wild lands are both a part of the experience. My favorite of (next to where I grew up and now have my summer home so I am biased) is the Saranac Lakes Wild Forest. Here on these lakes we see people living, working, and playing in a beautiful place. There is no shortage of Wilderness land in the Adirondacks (seems to be growing every year despite this doom and gloom report. These are the places that we and visitors to the area can get away to an even more remote experience. But all the other classifications are important to the overall character of the park as well. Even an intensive use classification for Whiteface Mt has made for an area where people can enjoy activities that are a huge draw for the area. There are more skier visits to Whiteface Mt than there are visitors to the High Peaks Wilderness (the last data I saw for 2015 had about 150K hikers and 200K skiers). Whiteface manages more people in a much smaller area and seems no worse for the wear! I know I am gonna keep coming back.

  5. Chris says:

    I don’t know a single example of a park of any kind, in any area of the country, that the majority of the people say, “Gee, if only we had not preserved it, we would be better off as a community.”

    Of course, there are plenty of short-term, selfish thinkers that can talk about narrow economics. But it’s very clear that the data shows that every strict preservation effort has been a positive. There wouldn’t be so much economic-interest lobbying (NYCO, ahem) if non-preservation and short term exploitation was a net positive for society.

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