The honeybee, Apis mellifera, is the most widely used managed bee in the world. According to the American Beekeeping Federation, there are an estimated 2.7 million managed honeybee colonies in the U.S. today, two-thirds of which travel the country each year pollinating crops and producing honey and beeswax.
Honeybees and other pollinators are essential for maintaining floral diversity and for producing many important agricultural crops that feed residents of New York and other areas of the world. Among them are almonds, oranges, apples, cherries, pears, cranberries, blueberries, raspberries, alfalfa, soy beans, sugar beets, asparagus, broccoli, squash, tomatoes, green beans, carrots, and onions; some of which depend entirely on insects for pollination. The others don’t require pollination to reproduce, but benefit from increased quality and yields when pollinators are involved.
A well-known global calculation is that one third of our food is derived through pollination. According to a Cornell study analyzing the economic value of honeybees and other pollinators for 58 crops, honeybees and other insects contributed $29 billion to farm income in 2010. The study, which was published in a 2012 issue of the journal, Public Library of Science ONE, found that honeybees alone pollinated $19.2 billion worth of crops. The study was funded in part by a grant from the National Honey Board.
Between 3000-4000 beekeepers maintain over 80,000 colonies in New York state. Commercial migratory beekeepers transport their hives to pollinate almonds in California, apples and pumpkins in Pennsylvania, blueberries and cranberries in Maine, citrus in Florida, and cucumbers and blueberries in New Jersey. Providing pollination services is a growing business which, along with profits from honey and other hive products, contributes to beekeepers’ incomes.
When a honeybee colony becomes crowded, the bees will produce and rear a new queen. When the new queen is almost mature, the old queen leaves the hive, followed by at least one half of the worker bees and some of the drones. Truly wild honeybees are non-existent in North America. Any swarm you see can be traced back to an apiary.
While the sudden appearance of a swarm of honeybees may be frightening, honeybees within a new swarm rarely sting and should simply be left alone and admired from a distance, unless the swarm poses a specific threat or inconvenience. Most likely, the bees will remain for no more than a few days, before flying away to establish their new home.
If you have a honeybee swarm on your property and would like to have it removed, contact a local beekeeper, beekeeping club, or your local Cornell Cooperative Extension Office.
Cornell Cooperative Extension of Franklin County will hold a two hour educational workshop providing basic information necessary to start beekeeping in Northern New York, on November 9, 2017 in Malone.
The workshop is intended to provide those who have no experience with bees and beekeeping with a general understanding of how honeybee colonies are started and managed. Anyone interested in bees and their impact on our environment is also encouraged to attend.
Topics expected to be covered include: an overview of basic bee biology; colony development; functioning as a society; cooperative behavior; diseases and predator pests; common misconceptions, getting started in beekeeping, types of beehives, pros and cons, beekeeping equipment, Seasonal beekeeper responsibilities and hive management, and more.
The speaker for this workshop will be Nick Delaini, foreman and apiarist for Boston Honey Company; a family-owned apiary that’s ardently centered on colony health and honey quality that produces artisanal honey (raw honey, northeast honey, southern raw honey, comb honey), beeswax candles, and skin care products.
The workshop will be held on November 9, 2017 at 6:30 pm in the Kitchen Conference Room of the Franklin County Courthouse, located at 355 West Main Street, Malone.
For more information about honeybees and other wild and managed pollinators, click here.
Photo of Queen bee courtesy Cornell Cooperative Extension.