Thursday, September 30, 2021

The NYSDEC Should Embrace Openness And Transparency

Last week, we saw news that Governor Kathy Hochul instructed state agencies to develop and submit plans for greater transparency. This is good news and welcome news. I’ve watched over the decades as state agencies have restricted more and more of what was once basic and easily accessible public information. 

The administration of former Governor Andrew Cuomo was the worst from a public information standpoint, and state agencies, which were often managed by his political appointees in the image and temperament of the former Governor, shared the former Governor’s desire to control all public information. Under Cuomo, state agencies required Freedom of Information Law (FOIL) requests for just about everything, and then they dragged out the response time for these requests like no other.

One easy reform for Governor Hochul to make is to stop requiring that Freedom of Information requests submitted to state agencies must first be screened by the Governor’s staff. State agencies have public information specialists who should manage the FOIL process for their agencies. Governor Hochul should let the professional public information staff at state agencies do their jobs without intrusion by either the Governor’s staff or the political appointees at the agency.

Press reports said that Governor Hochul’s top aides “sent a memo out to the heads of state agencies as part of a ‘government transparency initiative.’ It requires them to ‘assess ways their agencies can be more transparent’ and to submit a proposal to enhance that.”

We salute Governor Hochul for starting this effort. We hope that she follows through and that this work has an impact and leads to real change and is not simply an exercise in political showmanship. The Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) needs a wholesale makeover with regards to making its Forest Preserve management work transparent and to providing useful information to the public. The list below highlights our recommendations about how the DEC could significantly improve its work with regards to Forest Preserve management and honor the goals of Governor Hochul.

The lack of transparency by the DEC in its management of the Forest Preserve has always been mind-boggling. We’re talking about management decisions by public agency staff, who are paid with public monies to do work on public lands. These lands, of course, were also paid for with public monies. And, the projects on these public lands that public agency staff manage are also paid for with public monies. Yet, over the last decade, the DEC has handled Forest Preserve management as if it were a matter that involved state secrets and national security.

In 2020-21, the DEC convened the High Peaks Strategic Planning Advisory Group. That group met in secret for over a year and published scant reports about their discussions. The secrecy around that effort limited public participation. It contributed to the lack of public buy-in, which has allowed the DEC to easily bury away the plan in a dark, moldy file cabinet drawer somewhere. Secrecy in the work of state agencies prevents accountability, which is why state agencies in New York, such as the DEC, like secrecy so much.

Here’s a list of items that we think should be a part of the new “DEC Transparency Plan.” I can only speak to issues of Forest Preserve management. I’m sure advocates who deal with DEC in other areas will also have their own healthy reform lists. Our list mainly deals with badly needed reforms for how the DEC manages public information relative to the public Forest Preserve.

  1. Make public the “DEC Transparency Plan” that is submitted to Governor Hochul as soon as it’s presented to the Governor.
  2. All work plans for Forest Preserve projects, such as trail maintenance or new trail construction or a new bridge, and for every other type of project, should be posted on DEC’s website on the appropriate Forest Preserve unit page once they are finalized and before any work begins. An Environmental Notice Bulletin (ENB) notice should be released about its posting. These plans are already part of the process so making them public should not be difficult.
  3. All draft work plans that require any tree cutting whatsoever or use of motor vehicles on the Forest Preserve should be posted on the Environmental Notice Bulletin and subject to public comment. The entire work plan should be posted. Again, these plans are already developed. Adding in heightened scrutiny for the most controversial, and potentially damaging, Forest Preserve projects should not be burdensome.
  4. All correspondence between the Adirondack Park Agency and Department of Environmental Conservation in developing a Forest Preserve work plan should be included in the work plan as an Appendix. Again, these memos and emails already exist. They’re being included to provide greater transparency.
  5. All correspondence between the Adirondack Park Agency and Department of Environmental Conservation in the development of draft Unit Management Plans (UMPs) should be included in an Appendix in the draft UMP. Again, these memos and emails already exist. They’re being included to provide greater transparency.
  6. All DEC contracts for Forest Preserve work should be posted upon enactment. These contracts exist already, so they would be easy to post.
  7. All DEC spending on Forest Preserve projects, whether from the general fund or through the Environmental Protection Fund, or any other fund, should be posted annually. This information should include the total costs of the project undertaken. This is pretty basic accounting that DEC already tracks.
  8. DEC relies upon a broad interpretation of “administrative personnel” for Forest Preserve work. This involves contract and volunteer work for maintenance of snowmobile trails, hiking trails, lean-tos and roads, among other things, by a wide variety of people. DEC states that these people receive regular training and supervision. These projects involve tree cutting and use of motor vehicles. DEC should publish annually a list of non-DEC employees who undertake Forest Preserve work as well as the date that these individuals received training from the DEC.
  9. All trailhead register data should be compiled and posted annually. This task has been difficult for the DEC for years and this DEC trailhead register database has enormous gaps in the historic record. In the past, DEC has contracted for some of this work for specific Forest Preserve units. This is important public information that should be a priority for the department.
  10. An annual report for DEC Campgrounds should be published with attendance numbers, reservation data, detailed expenditures/revenues by facility, among other information. All of this data is already generated.
  11. An annual report for the Forest Preserve in the Catskills and Adirondacks should be published with trailhead registration data, lists of projects undertaken/completed, costs for each project, detailed expenditures/funding by sources, day-use and over-night camping numbers per unit, among other information. This is basic information, though this will be hard for DEC.
  12. All Temporary Revocable Permits (TRPs) issued for Forest Preserve activities should be posted annually for the Adirondack and Catskill Parks. All TRPs issued for the last 10 years should be posted. TRPs are drafted on a regular basis. They should be easy to post.
  13. Every state land purchase agreement/contract should be posted on the DEC website when it is finalized. All such agreements/contracts should be posted. When the DEC makes long-term policy decisions in a land purchase agreement, for which there was no public input whatsoever, that should be disclosed publicly immediately.
  14. Open the Forest Preserve Advisory Committee (FPAC) meetings to the public. Keep official Minutes.
  15. All state conservation easements should be posted. These materials already exist and should be fully posted.
  16. All harvest information for conservation easement lands should be posted annually, including volumes/species. This should include the acreage of clearcuts/shelterwood/restoration cuts. All growth information for trees on conservation easements lands should be obtained from the private landowners by the DEC and posted annually. All DEC monitoring data should be included. Every five years a carbon sequestration evaluation should be completed and posted publicly to ascertain whether harvesting on conservation easements, where the public often owns 60-75% of the value of the tract, is helping or harmful to climate change mitigation.
  17. All state tax payments on all state lands should be posted annually by town and county, and include Real Property Tax Law categories/acreage, school, town, county, special district tax breakouts. The state pays out this money annually, so the DEC should be able to easily obtain this data.
  18. All wildlife studies, fish studies, or any other studies/reports about the Forest Preserve undertaken by DEC staff involving lands in or partially within the Forest Preserve should be made public.
  19. The Public Affairs Office at the DEC should be transformed with a new mandate that rather than spin about DEC’s work, or promote the DEC Commissioner, should refocus on making public information readily available. Imagine a “Public Affairs Office” that instead of sending out daily press releases promoting the greater glory of the Governor or DEC Commissioner, actually informs the public about newly useful posted public information. The Public Affairs Office should include data about FOIL requests and response times on an annual basis.
  20. End the use of “blackberries” among DEC staff where correspondence and messages are not retained.
  21. Prohibit the use of private email accounts or private cell phones for any state business.
  22. DEC lobbying activities of the State Legislature should be fully disclosed. DEC should publicly state its positions on any issue that its Legislative staff works on, whether they involve specific legislation, budget issues, or technical advice. DEC needs to publicly disclose the full scope of its lobbying work with detailed monthly reports.
  23. All meetings of the DEC Commissioner, senior staff, division and bureau heads with people from outside the agency should be posted monthly, and include a list all attendees from DEC and the public, the subject matter discussed, and decisions/agreements reached.
  24. In the end, the state’s Freedom of Information Act law needs to be changed. There should be no “shielded” internal correspondence among state agency staff. No information from state agencies should be withheld. In its “Transparency Plan” the DEC should provide its thoughts about ways to strengthen the state’s Freedom of Information laws.

Opening up and transforming New York State government is a monumental effort, which goes beyond state agencies drafting “transparency plans.” If Governor Hochul is serious about making these changes, she should open up her office to greater public scrutiny and make her office and her work the most transparent ever by a New York Governor. There’s a lot that Governor Hochul can do to lead by example.

If Governor Hochul is truly serious about making New York State government more transparent she should put new transparency requirements into law, end shielded internal correspondence of state employees, and strengthen and expand the scope of New York’s Freedom of Information Law. Nationally, New York State has long been near the bottom with regards to the ease of public information. New York should look at how a state like California, always near the top, works to provide public information easily and quickly.

We saw with former Governor Cuomo that state agencies modeled their behavior on that of the Governor and his top staff. State agencies were only as good as the Governor wanted them to be. Cuomo practiced a closed-door policy, or worse, with critics, and his state agencies followed his lead. DEC is a model of insularity, where fundamental things about public lands management are routinely withheld from the public and shrouded in secrecy. The coming weeks will show whether current DEC leadership will meet this moment and embrace reforms and transparency. 

Will Commissioner Basil Seggos put together a “DEC Transparency Plan” that includes major changes and reforms or will he highlight superficial changes that mask business as usual? I hope that the fact that Governor Hochul is trying to set a new tone and wants state agencies to do better will actually force the DEC to do better.

My golden rule as an advocate is to say the same things in public that I say in private and to say the same things in private that I say in public. I have long argued that sunlight and transparency in the management of the public Forest Preserve will lead to major reforms of Forest Preserve management because sunlight on public agency management decisions brings accountability. Without sunlight, openness, and transparency, it is very difficult to hold state agencies accountable. 

DEC should embrace public transparency in Forest Preserve management. The list above is a good start.

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Peter Bauer is the Executive Director of Protect the Adirondacks. He has been working in various capacities on Adirondack Park environmental issues since the mid-1980s, including stints as the Executive Director of the Residents' Committee to Protect the Adirondacks and FUND for Lake George as well as on the staff of the Commission on the Adirondacks in the Twenty-First Century. He was the co-founder of the Adirondack Lake Assessment Program (ALAP) in 1998, which has collected long-term water quality data on more than 75 Adirondack lakes and ponds. He has testified before the State Legislature, successfully advocated to pass legislation and budget items, authored numerous articles, op-eds, and reports such as "20% in 2023: An Assessment of the New York State 30 by 30 Act" (2023), "The Adirondack Park and Rural America: Economic and Population Trends 1970-2010" (2019), "The Myth of Quiet, Motor-free Waters in the Adirondack Park" (2013), and "Rutted and Ruined: ATV Damage on the Adirondack Forest Preserve" (2003) and "Growth in the Adirondack Park: Analysis of Rates and Patterns of Development" (2001). He also worked at Adirondack Life Magazine. He served as Chair of the Town of Lake George Zoning Board of Appeals and has served on numerous advisory boards for management of the Adirondack Park and Forest Preserve. Peter lives in Blue Mountain Lake with his wife, has two grown children out in the world, and enjoys a wide variety of outdoor recreational activities throughout the Adirondacks, and is a member of the Blue Mountain Lake volunteer fire department.Follow Protect the Adirondacks on Facebook and Threads.

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20 Responses

  1. Steve says:

    The minute Peter says the High Peaks Advisory Group lacked public buy-in just makes him sound bitter for not being on the committee. The report can also be found on the DEC website so I don’t know about the moldy filing cabinet he is referring to.

    While some of his points are fair and well intended. The list as a whole is a little over the top and would mostly serve the purpose of supplying him more information to feed his speculative manifestos that ramble on for too long….

    • Todd Eastman says:

      Peter’s list is a good summation of the instances where transparency is essential to good governance.

  2. Eric says:

    “ DEC should publish annually a list of non-DEC employees who undertake Forest Preserve work as well as the date that these individuals received training from the DEC”

    This is why we can’t have nice things. The Whites and most other hiking areas have armies of volunteers that do trail maintenance and repairs as a matter of course on a regular basis. They don’t have to jump through hoops to get approvals and they don’t have their names published on government websites. If you want to have more sustainable trails you can’t put up barriers to regular maintenance.

  3. Tim says:

    It was only a matter of weeks since you said that the recent Supreme Court ruling you advocated for wouldn’t affect trail maintenance and now you’re saying you want a public comment period any time anything involves “any tree cutting whatsoever”. We all knew you were full of crap. And this just proves it more. It’s not even about the trees for you, is it? You just don’t want people here.

  4. Paul says:

    With such a long list of additional things that you want the DEC to do (all this takes, time, and money – probably lots of both) how are they supposed to be able to afford and have time for all the other demands you have. If you did all this what you end up with is a super inefficient agency that is just spending all their time and resources policing themselves and reporting out information.

    I say just let them do their job and judge them on results – they manage a treasure and it is partly a treasure because of how well they have done over the years.

    Use the money to hire some more rangers to cover all the additional public land that environmental groups are insisting we spend more NYS money on and add to the FP.

    Be a little kinder.

  5. Bob Meyer says:

    Many of Peter Bauer’s points are valid. Openness is always best in government except in matters of needed security.
    Also: “be a little kinder”; not a bad suggestion for all of us.

  6. JB says:

    I think that most of this stuff would be good to have in the public domain. There was a noticeable decline in the quality of DEC annual hunting/trapping summaries post-COVID. But ultimately, the effect of information availability is determined by how it is utilized by different groups. Keep in mind that information can be used for evil as well as good, and this has always been a constant struggle when enforcement and governing agencies release information. Further, in wildlife/resource management, government agencies usually have sensitive internal data about vulnerable resources (fish, mammals, plants, minerals, artifacts, etc.) that I believe should be released only with discretion. Instead of “be a little kinder”, I would say more specifically that, when it comes to Forest Preserve, all of us should “tread lightly”–although I know that even this is still too vague to be very helpful. Maybe this manifesto warrants a Part Two.

  7. John says:

    Peter can’t say it, but others can: The Cuomo/Seggos regime (regency?) has been marked one of mismanagement disguised as encouragement of economic growth. It has produced problems of over-use without substantially changing or improving the long-term economic health of Forest Preserve communities. A thorough renewal of DEC is necessary, with transparency just part of it.
    By the way, what ever happened to the Cuomo/Seggos reworks of the 480-a Forest Management program?

    • ADK Camper says:

      Remember when Seggos was going to retire but Cuomo sat him down and gave him “the talk” and convinced him not to?

      Seggos is such a failure. But, he loves his photo ops. And, Kathy seems to love them too.

  8. You-Know-Who says:

    The DEC needs massive improvement in their transparency to the public. They have repeatedly hidden documents which may show questionable practices by the staff and it is imperative the public knows about the conduct of the agency’s staff in order to be able to improve the agency. The agency seems to have long forgotten it is an entity by and for the public who pay its bills and gives it both a reason and an opportunity to even exist in the first place The DEC is no friend of liberty and a democratic society. It’s an enemy.

  9. Boreas says:

    If they enact a half-dozen of the suggestions, I will be both surprised and happy.

  10. Todd Eastman says:

    Watchdogs are essential. Without reliable and accurate information, keeping the management of the Adirondacks will get usurped by those with enough money to dictate lax enforcement and get special privileges.

    The APA and the DEC are not inherently immune from the persuasive influence of money and power.

    More transparency is a good thing…

  11. Todd Eastman says:

    Watchdogs are essential. Without reliable and accurate information, the management of the Adirondacks gets usurped by those with enough money to dictate lax enforcement and get special privileges.

    The APA and the DEC are not inherently immune from the persuasive influence of money and power.

    More transparency is a good thing…

  12. Tom Paine says:

    While we are making lists. The people need to have a list of all NYSDEC personnel and their current and past affiliations with environmental groups and lobbyists. Also, a list of the judges on the NYS appeals court and their current and past affiliations with environmental groups and their lobbyists. Let’s be very open.

    • Boreas says:

      Indeed, but openness cuts both ways Tom.

    • Balian the Cat says:

      Agreed. We also need to know about their hunting camp affiliations on easement tracts, their memberships in the NRA and other similar lobbyist groups with potential conflicting associations, and whether they are active in snowmobile and/or ATV clubs that could sway their judgements when working on public lands, roads & trails.


  13. Zephyr says:

    A good place to start is to reveal the process and communication behind the hiking permits at the AMR that were just dumped on the public with no input from anyone representing hikers or the general public. For example, what is the carrying capacity of the trails that are now closed to the public without a permit and how was that determined? How much does the public pay in lieu of taxes for the public easement that the public can no longer use freely? Etc. Any changes in public access should include a public process for information sharing and public comment. We own the trails and public land and the DEC works for us!

    • Todd Eastman says:

      Recreation gets used a beachball in the power struggles between the APA/DEC and the Adirondack Council.

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